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24th International Conference on Neurology and Neurosurgery, will be organized around the theme “Shed the shackles of delusions on Neurosurgery & Neurology”
neurosurgery2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in neurosurgery2018
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Neurology deals with injuries, disorders, diagnosis and treatment of the brain, spine and nervous system including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissues. More than 600 known neurological disorders are there which affects our nervous system severely but still for most of the diseases treatment options are very limited and research is going on. According to a global study conducted by World Health Organization 8 out of 10 disorders are neurologic problems in which 3 are highest disability classes. Every year 6.8 million people are dying all over the world due to neurological disorders or injury. In Europe 38% of total population is suffering from a brain disorder. In United States Stroke is the third leading cause of death. Globally 62 million people are suffering from cerebrovascular disease, 50 million from epilepsy, 326 million from migraine,160 among 100000 from Parkinson’s disease and 24 million from Alzheimer disease dementias. The global cost of mental health conditions alone is $ 2.5 trillion as of now and is expected to reach $6 trillion by the year 2030.
Neurosurgery is the surgical speciality performed on the brain, spinal cord, nervous system and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. Paediatric Neurosurgery deals with nervous system disorders and injuries of a child. Functional Neurosurgery treats central nervous system disorders and damages by Neurostimulation, Intrathecal drug delivery, Neuroablative therapies and many other newer techniques. Global Neurosurgery Market is expected grow at 11.7% CAGR by 2019. Global Interventional Neurology Market Is expected to reach $2,370.4 Million by the year 2020, expected to have a CAGR of 8.4% from 2015 to 2020. North America holds the largest share of neurovascular devices and surgical imaging market followed by Europe and Asia Pacific due to well acceptance of advanced devices among Neurosurgeons all over the world and it was $378.6 million in 2014.
Brain tumour is an abnormal growth of central spine or brain tissue that can disrupt brain function. Brain tumor can be Benign, Malignant, Primary or Metastatic. 71% of all brain tumour deaths occur under the age of 65. According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) cerebrum tumor development rate is 2.6% per year in USA. As per CDC report roughly 20 instances of essential brain tumor per 100,000 individuals are found per year in USA.
Epilepsy may occur as a result of a number of other conditions including tumors, strokes, head trauma, previous infections of the central nervous system, genetic abnormalities, and as a result of Brain damage around the time of birth. Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system mainly affecting the motor system. The motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease result from the death of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the mid brain.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a nondegenerative, noncongenital affront to the brain from an outer mechanical power, potentially prompting perpetual or impermanent disability of psychological, physical, and psychosocial capacities with a related decreased or modified condition of cognizance. Frequently, the term brain injury is utilized synonymously with head damage, which may not be connected with neurological deficiencies. The definition additionally has been dangerous with varieties in consideration criteria. In case of diffuse axonal injury brain neurons which communicate with each other are injured and loss the ability to communicate and integrate with each other. In United States 1.4 million people endure a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year among which around 50,000 die, 235,000 are hospitalized. Head injury is very common among young adults and Trauma is the leading cause of death in people under 40.
Skull base surgery is an exceptionally concentrated arrangement of surgical strategies performed to treat different conditions that influence the skull. Skull base surgery is done to remove both benign and cancerous tumours, abnormalities of brain and few vertebrae of the spinal column. Skull base surgery is performed either traditional way or by minimally invasive way. Brain damage consists 35% of total injuries all over the world. Cost burden is €400 billion every year in Europe.
Endovascular neurosurgery or neuro-interventional surgery is a procedure in which small tools are used which passes through blood vessels to diagnose and treat various disorders and conditions of the central nervous system. The term endovascular means “inside a blood vessel.” Endovascular neurosurgery uses tools that pass through the blood vessels to diagnose and treat diseases and conditions rather than using open surgery. The surgeon often uses radiology images to help him or her to see the part of the body involved in the procedure. This minimally invasive image guide technique is well accepted over traditional surgery as it minimizes the risks and provides healthy outcomes and quick recovery. Angiography devices market is expected to reach $27.7 billion by 2019. Global Interventional Neurology Market Is expected to reach $2,370.4 Million by the year 2020.
Neuroethics or ethics of neuroscience deals with social, legal, ethical and policy implications of advances in neuroscience. It is an interdisciplinary research area that focuses on ethical issues raised by increased and constantly refining understanding of brain, spine and nervous system. It also deals with concomitant understanding of the biological bases of agency and ethical decision-making.
The goal of this session is to understand the Novel Treatment strategies like Therapeutic Brain stimulation (electric and magnetic), Tau-Based Treatment Strategies in Neurodegenerative Diseases, Anti-amyloid therapy, Comprehensive treatment, Therapeutic dilemmas in multiple sclerosis and Future research directions in Brain disorders.
Diagnostic tests and procedures are vital tools that help physicians confirm or rule out the presence of a neurological disorder or other medical condition. Tests and techniques such as Chorionic villus sampling, Pre-symptomatic testing, Biomarkers, Molecular diagnostics, Neuroimaging and Human Neuroimaging are commonly used to diagnose. Neuromodulation is the physiological process by which a given neuron uses one or more chemicals to regulate diverse populations of neurons. This is in contrast to classical synaptic transmission, in which one presynaptic neuron directly influences a single postsynaptic partner. Neuromodulation can be conceptualized as a neurotransmitter that is not reabsorbed by the pre-synaptic neuron or separated into a metabolite. Such neuromodulators wind up investing a lot of energy in the cerebrospinal liquid (CSF), affecting (or "regulating") the action of a few different neurons in the cerebrum. Consequently, a few neurotransmitters are likewise thought to be neuromodulators, for example, serotonin and acetylcholine. Worldwide neuromodulation business market was evaluated at $3.65 Billion in 2015 and estimated to reach $6.20 Billion by 2020 with a CAGR of 11.2%.
More than 1 billion people are suffering from neurological disorders and every year around 6.8 million people are dying due to various neurological disorders and injury. More than 600 known neurological disorders are there which affects our nervous system severely but still for most of the diseases treatment options are very limited and research is going on. Case reports on Neurosurgery track is designed to share scientists, researchers, doctor’s practical experience of new and critical neurological conditions and injuries and to influence young researchers. It will give researchers knowledge and ideas about new technologies, clinical trials, drug testing and other new aspects.